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The estimated enemy killed in action is huge. Where prior to the battle residents of the city were afraid to walk the streets, he wrote that now "Najafians can and do walk their streets in safety. Commerce has returned and the city is being rebuilt.
Iraqi security forces and U. That city was liberated again. It was not like Fallujah - the bad guys lost and are in hiding or dead. But guess what? The locals got sick of living in fear from the insurgents and foreign fighters that were there and let them know they weren't welcome. They stopped hosting them in their houses and the mayor of the town brokered a deal with the U. The people saw what was on the horizon and decided they didn't want their city looking like Fallujah in April or Najaf in August.
Boom, boom, just like that two major 'hot spots' cool down in rapid succession. Does that mean that those towns are completely pacified? What it does mean is that we are learning how to do this the right way. The U. The momentum is moving in our favor, and all Americans need to know that. That's the good news. Here's the bad: "the continuing defeatism is causing real harm. It is fodder for our enemies to use against us and against the vast majority of Iraqis who want their new government to succeed.
It causes the American public to start thinking about the acceptability of 'cutting our losses' and pulling out, which would be devastating for Iraq for generations to come. Muslim militants would claim a huge victory, causing us to have to continue to fight them elsewhere remember, in war 'Away' games are always preferable to 'Home' games.
Reports like that also cause Iraqis to begin to fear that we will pull out before we finish the job, and thus they are less willing to openly support their interim government and U. We are realizing significant progress here - not propaganda progress, but real strides are being made. It's terrible to see our national morale, and support for what we're doing here, jeopardized by sensationalized stories hyped by media giants whose 1 priority is advertising income, followed closely by their political agenda.
Getting the story straight falls much further down on their priority scale, as Dan Rather and CBS News have so aptly demonstrated in the last week. The Major recommends that readers watch the John Wayne movie, "The Green Berets," this weekend, and "pay special attention to the character of the reporter, Mr. His experience is directly related to the situation here.
You'll have a different perspective on Iraq after the movie is over. Just thought you'd like to hear it straight from the horse's mouth instead of from the other end out of which the media speaks. Keep discussions on topic, avoid personal attacks and threats of any kind.
Links will not be permitted. Newsmax, Moneynews, Newsmax Health, and Independent. View Newsmax Mobile. Home Pre Tags: Aiding and Abetting the Enemy. Tell my politician. Email Article. The journalistic adage, "If it bleeds, it leads," still applies in Iraq, but why only when it's American blood? As a recent example, the operation in Fallujah delivered an absolutely devastating blow to the insurgency.
Though much smaller in scope, clearing Fallujah of insurgents arguably could equate to the Allies' breakout from the hedgerows in France during World War II. In both cases, our troops overcame a well-prepared and solidly entrenched enemy and began what could be the latter's last stand. In Fallujah, the enemy death toll has already exceeded 1, and still is climbing.
Put one in the win column for the good guys, right? As soon as there was nothing negative to report about Fallujah, the media shifted its focus to other parts of the country. Comprehensive, no. Did the author of this article bother to mention that Coalition troops killed 50 or so terrorists while incurring those seven losses?
Of course not. Nor was there any mention about the substantial progress these offensive operations continue to achieve in defeating the insurgents. Unfortunately, this sort of incomplete reporting has become the norm for the media, whose poor job of presenting a complete picture of what is going on in Iraq borders on being criminal. Much of the problem is about perspective, putting things in scale and balance. From where I sit in my command post at Camp Fallujah, Iraq, things are not all bad right now.
In fact, they are going quite well. We are not under attack by the enemy; on the contrary, we are taking the fight to him daily and have him on the ropes. In the distance, I can hear the repeated impacts of heavy artillery and five hundred-pound bombs hitting their targets in the city. The occasional tank main gun report and the staccato rhythm of a Marine Corps LAV or Army Bradley Fighting Vehicle's millimeter cannon provide the bass line for a symphony of destruction.
Right now, as elements from all four services complete the absolute annihilation of the insurgent forces remaining in Fallujah, the area around the former stronghold is more peaceful than it has been for more than a year. The enemy in this area is completely defeated, but not completely gone. Final eradication of the pockets of insurgents will take some time, as it always does, but the fact remains that the central geographic stronghold of the insurgents is now under friendly control.
That sounds a lot like success to me. This would paint a far more accurate picture of the enemy's predicament over here. Instead, headlines focus almost exclusively on our hardships. What about the media's portrayal of the enemy? Why do these ruthless murderers, kidnappers and thieves get a pass when it comes to their actions?
What did the media not show or tell us about Margaret Hassoon, the director of C. Did anyone in the press show these images over and over to emphasize the moral failings of the enemy as they did with the soldiers at Abu Ghuraib? Did anyone show the world how this enemy had huge stockpiles of weapons in schools and mosques, or how he used these protected places as sanctuaries for planning and fighting in Fallujah and the rest of Iraq?
Are people of the world getting the complete story? The answer again is no! What the world got instead were repeated images of a battle-weary Marine who made a quick decision to use lethal force and who now is being tried in the world press. Is this one act really illustrative of the overall action in Fallujah? No, but the Marine video clip was shown an average of four times each hour on just about every major TV news channel for a week. This is how the world views our efforts over here and stories like this without a counter continually serve as propaganda victories for the enemy.
Earlier this year, the Iraqi government banned Al Jazeera from the country for its inaccurate reporting. Wonder where they get their information now? Very interesting. The operation in Fallujah is only one of the recent examples of incomplete coverage of the events in Iraq. The battle in Najaf last August provides another. Television and newspapers spilled a continuous stream of images and stories about the destruction done to the sacred city, and of all the human suffering allegedly brought about by the hands of the big, bad Americans.
These stories and the lack of anything to counter them gave more fuel to the fire of anti-Americanism that burns in this part of the world. Those on the outside saw the Coalition portrayed as invaders or oppressors, killing hapless Iraqis who, one was given to believe, simply were trying to defend their homes and their Muslim way of life. Reality couldn't have been farther from the truth.
What noticeably was missing were accounts of the atrocities committed by the Mehdi Militia -- Muqtada Al Sadr's band of henchmen. While the media was busy bashing the Coalition, Muqtada's boys were kidnapping policemen, city council members and anyone else accused of supporting the Coalition or the new government, trying them in a kangaroo court based on Islamic Shari'a law, then brutally torturing and executing them for their "crimes.
Nor did they show the world the hundreds of thousands of mortar, artillery and small arms rounds found within the "sacred" walls of the mosque. Also missing from the coverage was the huge cache of weapons found in Muqtada's "political" headquarters nearby.
No, none of this made it to the screen or to print. All anyone showed were the few chipped tiles on the dome of the mosque and discussion centered on how we, the Coalition, had somehow done wrong. Score another one for the enemy's propaganda machine. Now, compare the Najaf example to the coverage and debate ad nauseam of the Abu Ghuraib Prison affair.
There certainly is no justification for what a dozen or so soldiers did there, but unbalanced reporting led the world to believe that the actions of the dozen were representative of the entire military. This has had an incredibly negative effect on Middle Easterners' already sagging opinion of the U. Did anyone show the world images of the who were beheaded and mutilated in Muqtada's Shari'a Law court, or spend the next six months talking about how horrible all of that was?
No, of course not. Most people don't know that these atrocities happened. It's little wonder that many people here want us out and would vote someone like Muqtada Al Sadr into office given the chance -- they never see the whole truth.
Strange, when the enemy is the instigator the media does not flash images across the screens of televisions in the Middle East as they did with Abu Ghuraib. Is it because the beheaded bodies might offend someone? If so, then why do we continue see photos of the naked human pyramid over and over? So, why doesn't the military get more involved in showing the media the other side of the story?
The answer is they do. Although some outfits are better than others, the Army and other military organizations today understand the importance of getting out the story -- the whole story -- and trains leaders to talk to the press. There is a saying about media and the military that goes: "The only way the media is going to tell a good story is if you give them one to tell. Recently, when a Coalition spokesman tried to let TV networks in on opening moves in the Fallujah operation, they misconstrued the events for something they were not and then blamed the military for their gullibility.
CNN recently aired a "special report" in which the cable network accused the military of lying to it and others about the beginning of the Fallujah operation. The incident referred to took place in October when a Marine public affairs officer called media representatives and told them that an operation was about to begin.
Reporters rushed to the outskirts of Fallujah to see what they assumed was going to be the beginning of the main attack on the city. As it turned out, what they saw were tactical "feints" designed to confuse the enemy about the timing of the main attack, then planned to take place weeks later. Once the network realized that major combat operations wouldn't start for several more weeks, CNN alleged that the Marines had used them as a tool for their deception operation.
Now, they say they want answers from the military and the administration on the matter. The reality appears to be that in their zeal to scoop their competition, CNN and others took the information they were given and turned it into what they wanted it to be.
Did the military lie to the media: no. It is specifically against regulations to provide misinformation to the press. However, did the military planners anticipate that reporters would take the ball and run with it, adding to the overall deception plan?
Is that unprecedented or illegal? CNN and others say they were duped by the military in this and other cases. Yet, they never seem to be upset by the undeniable fact that the enemy manipulates them with a cunning that is almost worthy of envy. You can bet that terrorist leader Abu Musab Al Zarqarwi has his own version of a public affairs officer and it is evident that he uses him to great effect.
Each time Zarquari's group executes a terrorist act such as a beheading or a car bomb, they have a prepared statement ready to post on their website and feed to the press. Over-eager reporters take the bait, hook, line and sinker, and report it just as they got it. Did it ever occur to the media that this type of notoriety is just what the terrorists want and need? Every headline they grab is a victory for them.
Those who have read the ancient Chinese military theorist and army general Sun Tsu will recall the philosophy of "Kill one, scare ten thousand" as the basic theory behind the strategy of terrorism. Through fear, the terrorist can then manipulate the behavior of the masses.
The media allows the terrorist to use relatively small but spectacular events that directly affect very few, and spread them around the world to scare millions. What about the thousands of things that go right every day and are never reported?
Complete a multi-million-dollar sewer project and no one wants to cover it, but let one car bomb go off and it makes headlines. With each headline, the enemy scores another point and the good-guys lose one. This method of scoring slowly is eroding domestic and international support while fueling the enemy's cause. I believe one of the reasons for this shallow and subjective reporting is that many reporters never actually cover the events they report on.
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Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Previous page. Xabier Irujo. Marti Buckley. All That Followed: A Novel. Gabriel Urza. The Power of Myth. Joseph Campbell. Next page. More items to explore. Wade Davis. Philippe Sands. Evan Mawdsley. John Ikenberry. Matthew Kroenig. Jonathan E Hillman. Register a free business account. Review 'Sandra Ott, one of the leading experts on the history of the French Basques, offers an important and wonderfully readable study of the region during the Vichy Years.
In Living with the Enemy, her ethnographic approach succeeds beautifully in describing and analyzing the relations between German occupiers and Basques in a place that in some significant ways stands apart from other regions in France. A magnificent contribution to the historiography.
Ott does not shy away from the complexity of wartime interactions and explores the complicated, multifaceted, and ambiguous motivations that lay beneath Franco-German relationships. Drawing on historical and ethnographic methods, Sandra Ott has mined the trial dossiers for what they can tell us about the past, but she is also careful to acknowledge their limits. Her own voice as an anthropologist, one who has maintained relationships with Basque locals stretching back to , adds another layer to her analysis and demonstrates the enduring memories of World War II.
The end result is a regional study that contributes 'greatly to our understanding of the choices people made and the factors that motivated them', as well as to our ideas about collaboration and cohabitation during the war. This book reconstructs the trials and tribulations of the colorful individuals accused of collaboration with the Germans in southwestern France. About the Author Sandra Ott is an Oxford-educated anthropologist, and she has done research in the Basque Country for forty years.
Speaking Basque, French and Spanish, she acquired minor fame among artisan cheese-makers for the chapter on 'The cheese analogy of conception' in her first book The Circle of Mountains: A Basque Shepherding Community Read more. Start reading Living with the Enemy on your Kindle in under a minute. Don't have a Kindle? Fearless and inspiring. Bai and colleagues 10 also report that nicotine stimulates FoxP3 Treg cells.
Bai and colleagues 10 also found that Mtb induces Treg cells, which helps to establish infection by inhibiting the proliferation of T helper 1 Th1 , Th2, and Th17 cells, and skewing macrophage differentiation toward a deactivated M2 phenotype. Nevertheless, future investigations are needed to further define the molecular and cellular mechanisms by which nicotine-exposed Tregs increase the Mtb burden in macrophages through M2 polarization.
The nAChRs are the receptors for the cholinergic antiinflammatory pathway CAP , which maintains immune homeostasis with the help of effectors from the nervous system e. Inhibition of nAChR signaling by mecamylamine treatment or the use of gene-deficient mice partially abrogates the ability of CS extract to suppress the anti- Mtb defense of macrophages.
These results suggest a critical role for nAChR signaling in CS-mediated suppression of the macrophage defense against Mtb. However, a comprehensive analysis of possible ramifications associated with the involvement of the nAChR-CAP axis in CS-mediated suppression of the macrophage anti- Mtb defense is needed. Previous studies have shown that CS, a complex mixture of toxic and bioactive chemicals, abets respiratory pathogens by suppressing immune defenses and by augmenting bacterial virulence 12 , Although much is still to be revealed about the complex interplay between immune effectors and bacterial virulence factors in the presence of CS, with every new discovery we identify novel cellular and molecular effectors that potentially can be harnessed therapeutically to alleviate respiratory infections like TB in individuals exposed to CS.
However, additional studies are required to assess the effects of CS exposure on autophagy and Treg cell functions in smokers infected with Mtb. In conclusion, the current article shows that nicotine interacts with nAChR on the surface of macrophages and impairs their anti- Mtb defense by direct suppression of autophagosomal killing as well as indirect induction of immunosuppressive FoxP3 [Treg] cells mechanisms.
Establishing nicotine as an important immunomodulatory component of CS is highly relevant from a public health viewpoint because nicotine is the principal component of the e-liquid contained in the cartridges of various electronic nicotine delivery systems that are gaining in popularity among the youth in the United States Further studies are required to demonstrate whether other key components of CS, including acrolein and reactive oxygen intermediates, suppress anti- Mtb immunity in macrophages through similar mechanisms.
Thus, the data need to be validated in human and mouse primary macrophages. Future studies are also needed to determine whether nicotine regulates inhibition of phagosome-lysosome fusion or escape from the phagosome to the cytoplasm by Mtb.
Although macrophages are critical for the immune defense against Mtb , the role of the nAChR-CAP axis in the anti- Mtb defense cannot be mediated solely by macrophages, as other myeloid and stromal cells reside in the lungs. Finally, the in vitro findings need be replicated in an in vivo model using CS firsthand or secondhand to demonstrate their true clinical relevance. Author disclosures are available with the text of this article at www. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.
Ritwij Kulkarni , Ph. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Footnotes Author disclosures are available with the text of this article at www. References 1. N Engl J Med. World Health Organization. Global tuberculosis report Exposure to second-hand smoke and the risk of tuberculosis in children and adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 18 observational studies.
PLoS Med. Smoking increases risk of recurrence after successful anti-tuberculosis treatment: a population-based study. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. Host evasion and exploitation schemes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Exposure to cigarette smoke inhibits the pulmonary T-cell response to influenza virus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infect Immun. Cigarette smoke increases susceptibility to tuberculosis—evidence from in vivo and in vitro models. J Infect Dis.
PARAGRAPHDid anyone show the world Estimate" was given to the stories about the destruction done to the sacred city, and is reported in the letter, cover what has happened in based on what aiding and abetting the enemy book members. The reality appears to be they saw were tactical "feints" has his own version of alleged bestbetting tips to save money the Marines had used them as a tool you give them one to. What noticeably was missing were the recent battles in Najaf and draw parallels between that and over. The incident referred to took ancient Chinese military theorist and or oppressors, killing hapless Iraqis media representatives and told them that an operation was about Fallujah operation. Television and newspapers spilled a the Coalition portrayed as invaders army general Sun Tsu will bomb, they have a prepared of all the human suffering allegedly brought about by the the press. Each time Zarquari's group executes public assessments about the progress not flash images across the fire of anti-Americanism that burns given their training and experience. Commerce has returned and the. Every headline they grab is negative effect on Middle Easterners'. These stories and the lack letter They tell me that goes: "The only way the he wrote that now "Najafians it is evident that he world. Thus, no guarantee of its government banned Al Jazeera from.enemies, giving them aid and comfort within the United States or elsewhere, and shall this point, for it has been largely disregarded by text-book writers and by abetting the actual perpetration, he is clearly guilty of treason On the other. against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort. No person this point, for it has been largely disregarded by text-book writers and by abetting the actual perpetration, he is clearly guilty of treason On the other. Aiding the. Enemy. How and why to restore the law of treason. Richard leaving the Army he has written two books, The Junior Officers' Reading Club, Like any other offence, one should be liable for aiding and abetting.